moreHurricane Matthew, responsible for over 1,000 deaths in Haiti over the past several days, has also likely spread a significant number of new cholera infections. The highly contagious, waterborne disease can kill a person within hours, if not properly treated. Cholera is most often spread through contamination of water with human feces containing the vibrio choleraebacteria.Flooding in storm-affected areas can spread the disease. Damaged sanitation infrastructure can leak sewage into rivers and other water sources. Because the bacteria has a short incubation period, cholera often has an explosive pattern of outbreaks, especially during the rainy season, which lasts from May through October.
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